Discover Lake Kariba: The Largest Man Made Dam

Mundia Mubita,

Talk about anything that man has ever made, Well the Kariba dam which is by far the largest man-made lake and water reservoir in the world is the one thing that one can not ignore. Lying upstream from the Indian Ocean about 1300 Kilometers, It borders Zambia and Zimbabwe. It can accessed from Siavonga or Sinazongwe towns in the Southern Province of Zambia.

Following its successful completion, Lake Kariba was filled between 1958 and 1963, flooding the Kariba Gorge on the Zambezi River.

The lake boosts of Maaze, Mashape, Chete, Sekula, Sampa Karuma, Fothergill, Spurwing, Snake, Antelope, Bed and Chikanka Islands.

Lake Kariba is over 223 Kilometers long and upto 40 Kilometers in width. It has a storage capacity is an immense 185 cubic kilometers.

It has a Vibrant vegetation due t the fact that before the Lake was filled, the existing vegetation was burned, creating a thick layer of fertile soil on land that would become the lake. This created room for the ecology of Lake Kariba to be very vibrant.

Because of the abundance of fish, the lake has various fishing activities; sports fishing by tourists and commercial fishing by the locals. A number of fish species have been introduced to the lake, like the Sardine-like Kapenta, which were transported from Lake Tanganyika.

Game fish, particularly the Tigerfish, which was among the indigenous species of the Zambezi river system, now thrive on the Kapenta, which has in turn contributed to tourism growth.

The Lake is also home to the Nile Crocodiles and hippopotamus, with the shorelines being patrolled by fish eagles, cormorants and other water birds and occasional sightings of herds of elephants.

Infrastructure development along the shores of the lake has been growing immensely due to the activities the lake has to offer.

From Boat houses, lodges, guest houses restaurants and bars etc.

Lake Kariba is one of the best locations to go if you are looking at being near town, but in sync with Mother Nature because of its tranquil environment and activities.

If you want to know more about accommodation and activities on the Lake Kariba, kindly click here or go to Vibrant Africa.